China is building a particle collection nearly four times larger than the LHC and is expected to produce more than one million Higgs boson particles in the first decade of its operation.
Plans for a circular collider electron collitter (CEPC) – 62 km long collider – were first announced in 2012, a few months after the Higgs Busson particle was discovered at LHC.Now, researchers working on the project have published two new design reports to show what they are working on at six Past years, and what they plan to do over the next few decades.
The report shows how the CEPC dwarfs the LHC, which has a scope of just under 17 miles.It describes how it can go beyond the capabilities of the LHC in terms of physics experiments that can be performed – over 10 years ago, scientists say that it could produce one million Higgs bosons, And bosons and trillion z bosons.
Like the LHC, the CEPC is round in shape. It will be located in an underground tunnel and includes a linear accelerator, a damping ring, an amplifier, transport lines and a solid. This will be a double-ring charge, with positron electrons and beams rotating in opposite directions and separate tubes.
The tunnel where it sits can also be used to host a proton super proton collider (SppC) – a proposal for which is currently in the account. This "supercollider" will reach energies far beyond the LHC – the LHC is designed to have a maximum collision energy of 14 TeV, while the SPCC will run with 70 TeV's energy.
"The conceptual design report signifies that we have completed the basic design of the accelerator, the detector and civil engineering for the entire project," said Professor Gao Yuanning, chairman of the CEPC's institutional council. "Our next step will focus on research and development of key technologies and prototypes for CEPC."
The design report was announced at a ceremony held by the Institute of High Energy Physics (IHEP) in Beijing.
"This is a significant milestone along the way to such an important facility for basic physics," said Perry Taylor of the University of Melbourne, chairman of the International Future Accelerators Committee (ICFA) and the Asian Future Accelerators Committee (ACFA). I have no doubt that the international community expects partnership in the development and operation of the CEPC and in the quest for a better understanding of the basic components of the material. "
Over the next five years, scientists will carry out extensive research, building a prototype of key technical components for CEPC. The customer's infrastructure will also be built. Construction of the CEPC is expected to begin in 2022 and it will be completed by 2030.
If the CEPC succeeds, scientists hope SCPC's SuperCollider will be able to operate sometime in the 1930s. "As an energy barrier, the SPPC can detect a whole new set of particles," the new report says, "Dark matter remains one of the most confusing issues in particle physics and cosmology. A weak interaction between massive particles (WIMPs) are still the most important candidates possible. "The SppC, the researchers say, can be used to" significantly expand "the search for WIMPs, thus providing answers to one of the biggest mysteries in the universe.