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Pneumonia: Low vaccine causes the province to join the national alarm Diario de Cuyo



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The Argentine Society for Infectious Diseases (Sadi) launched the "Let's Avoid Pneumonia" campaign, which seeks, for the third consecutive year, to raise awareness among people aged 65 and over about the importance of pneumonia vaccine vaccination. In this regard, Marita Sosa, head of the San Juan Vaccine, said that the province has very low vaccination rates because there are some members of this age group who complete the two-dose program. According to local data, of 24,111 adults over 65 years, only 2,590 (11%) were placed in both doses appropriate to this risk group. That is, 1 out of 10 adults over the age of 65 were adequately immunized. "We had a work strategy for 2017 and 2018, but the goals set across the country were not met and the doses placed were few, so we will continue to work to put more vaccines," said Sosa, since San Juan only a quarter of the national average. From Sadi they said that in Israel, 4 out of 10 adults received the full vaccine program for pneumonia.

The purpose of vaccination against pneumococcus is to reduce the incidence, complications, sequelae and mortality due to pneumonia. People at risk are those under the age of two, adults over 65 and people with other pathologies. According to the Sadi, the people suffering the most from this disease are over the age of 65. Out of this entity they said that the country has more than 150,000 adults suffering from pneumonia annually. However, according to studies, 2 out of 3 patients (66%) with this disease require hospitalization. On the other hand, they explained that according to this study, mortality in 14 days of infectious disease was 19%; In a year after pneumonia, it increased to 38%.

Among these worrisome Sadie figures, they emphasized the importance of vaccination as a preventive measure. In fact, they said, there is little awareness of the importance of vaccination in Israel, especially in adults. This is why the theme of the 2019 campaign is "Pneumonia can kill you, the vaccine can prevent it."

"We are in the period of the year when adults older than 65 participate in a lot of vaccinations to seek flu shots, and we take advantage of this time to strengthen the vaccine against pneumonia," said sanjuanina expert. In San Juan, it is because adults are often not informed or that doctors do not recommend it. In this sense he explained that people from this age group should receive two doses, with a difference of 12 months, so the coverage is correct. As for dosages, local data showed that 2 out of 10 adults over 65 years (4,313 people) took the first dose, while only half completed the program correctly. "It is important to note that the vaccine against pneumonia can be placed at any time of the year, with a difference of one year between dose doses, and it should not wait until cold days begin to be vaccinated," added Sosa. The district is going to work so the numbers will increase. "We do not have the figures calculated in percentages, and although we see that there are few vaccines against pneumonia, we understand that older adults are aware of the importance of this vaccine gradually," he concluded.

Smokers

36 A percentage of adults over the age of 65 who had pneumonia were or were smokers, according to Sadi.

Cover less

7 People received the 2 doses of pneumonia vaccine in Zonda. This is the department with the lowest coverage.

The gap

24 thousand Sanjuaninos aged 65 years or older received the flu vaccine, while only 2,590 completed the pneumonia program.

No invitation
Adults older than 65 need not take a medical order to get the pneumonia vaccine. They must present the DNI and the vaccination card in order to prescribe the vaccine. The vaccine is free.

"Influenza vaccination is important because the virus can relieve pneumonia."
CARLA VIZZOTTI – Sadi's Infectology

Recommendations
Since the Saadi and the district health department have agreed that it is very important to the recommendation of doctors, so that adults are informed and know that the vaccine is good.

This year they strive to imagine

La Sade bet again on the campaign Let's avoid pneumonia. This promotion, identified with Red Aid, was launched in Buenos Aires, before representatives of several counties, and DIARIO DE CUYO was a participant in this national launch. During the presentation, Carla Vizzotti, an infectiousologist; And Guillermo Caro, a strategic and creative leader, said that this time the campaign aims to demystify that the vaccine can trigger the disease. They also interfere with creating awareness.

From Sadi explained that the campaign includes ads ads with advertisements and presence in social networks under hashtag # EvitemosLaNeumonía. It also has its own website: www.evitemoslaneumonia.com.ar, where you can consult with risk groups and how to access vaccinations. "Argentina has 8,600 public vaccinations for people to consult," said Gustavo Lopardo, one of the experts who participated in launching the campaign.

Vaccination for children in the district

In Argentina, one of the vaccines against pneumonia was incorporated into the National National Calendar for children under two years of age in 2011, achieving high vaccination coverage for the entire program. Since then there has been a significant reduction in the burden of the disease in this population. According to the Mandatory schedule, children should receive the first dose at the age of two months; While the second should be located after 4 months. Then, in 12 months the baby should be strengthened by this vaccine.

In San Juan, 89.4% of the children who needed the first dose were vaccinated. However, this percentage declined during the months. In fact, 85.3% received the second dose, while 75.4% completed the vaccination schedule in 12 months. "It costs a lot for the children to complete the program, we are betting on the responsibilities of the parents," said Marita Sosa.

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