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Prevention, the key to reducing kidney disease in childhood


God Chronic kidney disease (CKD) It is suffering by 850 million people worldwide and causes at least 2.4 million deaths per year. The population of children is also affected by this disease, which often leads to health problems leading to severe renal failure and to the need for dialysis and / or transplants. In children under the age of 18, the incidence of CKD is 12 new cases per million inhabitants per year. On the occasion of yesterday's World Kidney Day, Garrahan Hospital warned of the need to prevent kidney problems before birth.

"We focus on early detection of renal pathology, kidney disease is often silent, early detection of the risk of developing kidney damage is very important in childhood," said Martha Aragna, director of the Gerhan Nephrology Service, and emphasizes that ERC can be prevented from measuring, Acquired is no cure. "In addition, CKD does not show symptoms until the advanced stage, is quiet and advanced," with attention to quality of life is basic. "

In this sense, Garhan's Nephrology Service recommends that the medical community generally "promote healthy habits and reduce or prevent exposure to risk factors for mothers, infants, children and adolescents." "Prevention of kidney disease begins before pregnancy, during pregnancy and during childhood, and we are all responsible: doctors, parents, caregivers, schools, kindergartens and the community as a whole." It is also important to emphasize the role of the pediatrician, a major factor in early detection.

The most important preventative measures are related to eating patterns, exercising on a daily basis and not exposing them to risk factors such as smoking tobacco, alcohol and neurotoxic drugs during pregnancy and growth. "Taking a healthy diet that combines from a young age the daily intake of fruits and vegetables, controlling weight and avoiding sedentary lifestyle are key to preventing and improving kidney emotions," emphasizes Adragna.

Juan Pablo Corbata, head of the urology department, stressed that it is "a particularly important prenatal diagnosis of uronpharosis, an abnormality of the urinary tract that separates congenital, because it is an early sign of renal pathology." It is also details that they can be detected with ultrasound during pregnancy, so "it is very important to perform the necessary controls." Most prenatal uronephrosis can be resolved spontaneously without surgical intervention or without the onset of complications; However, its existence "is a warning to doctors and family."

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