The World Awareness Awareness Week (WAAW) will be held annually from 12-18 November. This is a global campaign to promote prudent use of microbiologists such as antibiotics and raise global awareness of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) or antibiotic resistance.

What is antibiotic responsibility and why is it important?

Antibiotics and ushering is a high priority among health service providers, government agencies, health accrediting bodies and insurers. Simple antibiotic therapy means using antibiotic wisely. Because a small number of new antibiotics are developing and the bacteria that cause the infections develop resistance to the antibiotics we have, we must use the right antibiotics at the right dosage at the right time and at the right time.

What does our federal and government government do about antibiotic responsibility?

In 2013, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warned healthcare providers of the evolving threat of antibiotic resistance with reporting of antibiotic resistance threats in the United States.

Then, in 2014, the CDC published the core elements of hospital antibiotic stewardship programs in 2015 and issued similar guidelines for nursing homes. These guidelines provide guidelines on how healthcare providers can use antibiotics wisely. In Indiana, certain infections caused by resistant bacteria must be reported to the State Department of Health to track trends and improve best practices.

Moreover, in 2015, President Obama convened a White House conference of medical leaders to develop a plan to combat antibiotic resistance resulting in a national action plan to combat bacteria resistant to antibiotics.

What does my doctor do about antibiotic management?

At the doctor's office, your doctor will determine your symptoms, the season of the year, and infections that occur in our community if your illness is caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Recognizing this difference is important because antibiotics will not cure viral infections such as colds or flu, and may instead worsen the situation later by promoting the development of antibiotic resistance.

When your doctor thinks your infection is caused by a virus, antibiotics will not help and may worsen the condition. On the other hand, if your infection is caused by bacteria, choosing the right antibiotics, taking it as directed and taking it until it is all gone can be the difference in curing your infection.

What does my hospital do about antibiotic responsibility?

In the hospital, blood, tissue and / or urine cultures are used to identify the specific bacteria that cause your infection and to indicate which antibiotics will eliminate the bacteria for which antibiotics will not work. Choosing the right antibiotic in the first place is important to prevent treatment failure and to avoid possible side effects.

For 2017, the Joint Committee, recommending hospitals, offered eight hospital accreditation standards directly dealing with antibiotics; The University of Indiana Health Ball Memorial Hospital stands in full with the eight standards offered. Every day at Ball Memorial Hospital, a team of infectious disease doctors, surgeons, infection prevention nurses, epidemiologists and pharmacists support first-line doctors and nurses to make optimal use of antibiotics by tracking bacterial resistance and response to the patient.

What can I do about antibiotic responsibility?

If your doctor determines the infection due to a virus, it is in your best interest not to take antibiotics. Some people think that after nausea or vomiting associated with the use of antibiotics in the past, they affect their being "allergic" to antibiotics. However, what it really means is that at that particular time you can not tolerate the antibiotics. Nausea or vomiting experience may be due to antibiotics, or it may be due to other unrelated cause that occur simultaneously. It is important to distinguish between temporary intolerance and a real allergy because it may lead your doctor to choose alternative antibiotics that is not the best choice considering your circumstances. If you had intolerance you could still take antibiotics that could be a better choice than some alternatives.

The Joint Committee has developed educational assistance for the patient to help us all make intensive use of antibiotics.

Richard Lugar, PharmD, BCPS is an antibiotic pharmacist at the IU Memorial Health Memorial Hospital. For more information, contact Lugar at [email protected], call 765-281-6566 or visit iuhealth.org.

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