Friday , May 7 2021

A simple guide to understand why the Chinese giant is the subject of great controversy



A lot of people talk about Huawei – and that's not because they're launching flattering cell phones with cutting-edge technology.

Huawei

Huawei

Photo: Getty Images / BBC News Brazil

The Chinese company is under supervision in several places after suspicions have been raised that its equipment will be used by the Chinese government to spy on people around the world. Huawei firmly denies this claim.

In the US, there is a pending claim to other countries that have huge security technology problems.

In the opposite direction (in part), the UK gave the green light to Huawei to provide equipment to the country's 5G data network.

The Chinese company will participate in the construction of "non-essential" parts, such as antennas, but fails to produce "core" parts of the system that can break into confidential information.

The National Security Council's decision to allow the partial involvement of the Wavay was exposed by the British newspaper The Daily Telegraph, and the leak of classified information should lead to an investigation by lawmakers present at the board meeting.

The BBC has prepared a simple guide to understanding what is going on with Huawei and 5G.

What is Huawei?

First, the company name is pronounced "ua-uei".

In the global mobile phone market, the Chinese company is in second place, behind South Korea's Samsung leader and Apple's US ahead.

Its UK sales took a big jump in 2018 with the launch of the P20 Pro model.

Huawei Introduces P20 Pro Mobile Phone

Huawei Introduces P20 Pro Mobile Phone

Photo: Getty Images / BBC News Brazil

According to experts, the P20 Pro is at the same level as competitors.

Huawei also provides technology to other companies to produce their own devices and Wi-Fi networks.

Basically, the company's products are everywhere.

Why is everyone talking about Huawei?

There are a number of concerns around what the Chinese company does with millions of its cell phones sold.

Some countries fear that it is used by the Chinese government to spy on people.

Founder Ran Zangfei was an engineer in the Chinese People's Liberation Army in the early 1980s – one of the issues that worries companies and governments that already suspect China's political leaders.

The People's Liberation Army of China is the armed force of the Chinese Communist Party, which has ruled the People's Republic of China since 1949.

The company's founder, Ran Zenggyi, was involved in the Communist Party

The company's founder, Ran Zenggyi, was involved in the Communist Party

Photo: Getty Images / BBC News Brazil

Huawei claims to be an independent company without ties to the Chinese government.

"We will not risk the contempt by our country and our consumers around the world for something like that." "Our company will never participate in any espionage activities," he said.

But there are suspicions in the US since 2012 that the company's equipment poses a security threat.

In the UK, a report in 2018 said that there is only "limited liability" that Huawei's mobile broadband equipment were not a threat to national security – which is not exactly OK to calm and end the problem.

Which countries have taken measures against Huawei?

In 2018, both Australia and New Zealand removed the Chinese company from involvement in its future 5G network – again because they thought the company was trying to spy on them.

In January 2019 Vodafone "froze" the use of its equipment in Europe (especially in Spain) because they had the same concerns about privacy and security.

There is a pending lawsuit in the United States where Huawei was accused of bank fraud, blocking justice and stealing the technology of an opponent T-Mobile – nothing to do with spying on people.

Some of the allegations concern alleged transactions between the company and Iran, and according to US President Donald Trump, companies dealing with Iranians can not negotiate with the United States.

Meng Wanguzhou, Huawei's financial manager and daughter of Ran Zhengfei founder, was arrested in Canada. She and the company are target of 23 counts, divided into two appeals which the US Department of Justice.

The first includes allegations that Huawei had secret deals with Iran – a country subject to economic sanctions in the US The second includes the claim that the Chinese company tried to steal technological secrets from American companies.

The Chinese company denies all charges.

Huawei received public demonstrations of support from Chinese

Huawei received public demonstrations of support from Chinese

Photo: Getty Images / BBC News Brazil

What is 5G?

The 5G network is the next generation of mobile Internet connectivity, which promises faster data download rates, greater coverage, and more stable connections.

Existing spectrum bands become dense, leading to failures – especially when many people in the area try to access services simultaneously, such as stadiums or carnival.

5G is also much better at dealing with thousands of simultaneous devices, from phones to equipment sensors, video cameras and smart street lamps.

Existing 4G networks can deliver speeds of about 45 Mbps on average. Experts say that 5G – which begins to be implemented in the UK this year – can achieve navigation and downloads up to 20 times faster.

The 5G system implementation in Latin America should be slower. Experts estimate that by 2025 about 8% of the devices will be connected to the new network.

Brazil, which still has some areas without coverage 2G (voice without data), plans to tender frequency bands to 5 G in March 2020. Only then will investments in this new infrastructure (such as antennas) without the beginning of operation.

There is no decision of the Brazilian government on Huawei's participation or not in the construction of the new network.

What if you read this on a Huawei device?

Most concern about Huawei is related to the involvement of the Chinese company in the networks of other companies, rather than the personal information of consumers who purchased P20, for example.

It is important to remember that the company does not have any official spy licenses even in the ongoing proceeding in the US No one from Huawei has been found so far found guilty of all the suspicions raised.

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BBC News Brazil – All rights reserved. Reproduction is prohibited without written permission from BBC News Brazil.


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