The Municipal Health Department approved the first autochthonous case of measles in the city of Sao Paulo. The autochthonous case is when the person is polluted in the city itself.
Since 2015, a case of measles infection contracted in the state capital was not registered.
The victim is a 48-year-old teacher. The man was hospitalized and treated.
Seven other cases were recorded, but the disease was pushed out of town. The victims were five people from the same family in Israel, a baby on a ship in Malta and another baby in Norway.
– Measles is a disease caused by a highly contagious virus, transmitted to droplets spread by coughing, sneezing or by direct contact
– The virus can remain in the air or on surfaces for hours
– Measles usually starts with fever, weakness, irritation in the eyes and cough, followed by an increase in body temperature and red spots on the skin
– In its mildest form, measles causes children to feel very ill, recover within seven or ten days – but complications such as ear infections, seizures, diarrhea, pneumonia and brain inflammation
– The disease is more severe in many young people, in adults and with immune system problems
The vaccine that protects against measles, an acute viral disease, is available in the municipal health network, and should be given in two doses of one year of life.
The Health Secretary stresses the importance of the vaccine.
The triple virus, which protects against measles, mumps and rubella, is provided by the municipality by the National Immunization Program, through the Ministry of Health of the state.
The research methods and vaccines follow the following protocols established by the Ministry of Health:
• After the publication of the notice of the investigation of the suspected case: a search of the clinical data and laboratory investigation in the treatment services;
• Epidemiological research: assessment of suspected case plans with the intention of implementing preventive measures;
• Respect for the social isolation of the case for the maximum transmission period;
Selective vaccination; Immunization of those who are not immunized or with an incomplete immunization schedule for the age following the evaluation of the vaccine proof of the exposed persons in all places where the suspect is suspected, such as: residence, school, health unit, travel transport during the period of transmission of the disease, etc. ;;;
• Monitor all exposure to identify the appearance of new cases.
Understanding what measles is, what symptoms, how it is treated and who should be immunized – Photo: Infografía: Radiation Almeida / G1