Tuesday , May 17 2022

Viruses in the fall with colds, sore throats and coughs kill us in October


The rise in the wave of non-coronary heart disease is also shown in data from the National Center for Infectious Diseases and Parasites. Cases are significantly higher compared to the same period last year. With the cold weather, distribution is expected to rise even more. The main group of patients at the moment is children, according to general practitioners Dr. Emanuela Bozilova and Dr. Valia Peshba Mimbol. They cannot say whether COVID or other viral infection patients are in control because their symptoms are similar and their parents have not tested them.

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It is worth noting that most of the complaints are about the disorder, vomiting, abdominal pain and fever – symptoms that are more typical of summer viruses. They passed within a day or two, says Dr. Pesheva. Rhinovirus, metapneumoviruses, bocaviruses and parainfluenza viruses, which infect the nose and throat and cause dry and unproductive coughs, are the most common in the fall.

“They all give the same symptoms – sore throat, runny nose, headache and low fever. These infections have no serious complications and are usually not subject to laboratory diagnosis and hospitalization. The various viruses in the country, “says Prof. Tudor Kantardzhiev, the chief coordinator of an expert, explained to the Council of Microbiology” 24 Chesa “and a consultant to the Sofia Municipality on vaccines.

More than 500 more cases of acute respiratory viruses have been reported by the NCIPD in just one week. 2060 new ones were registered in the week 27.09. – 3.10., At 1486 weeks earlier, according to the epidemiological report on the National Center website. The intensity of spread of acute respiratory diseases and influenza increases. The highest incidence is in children aged 0-4 years (229.70), as in week 27.09. – 3.10. According to the center, respiratory viruses were isolated in 11 of 12 samples from children under the age of 5. For the period 4-10.10, 817 samples from children aged 0 to 5 years were examined, of which 223 were positive. But an increase in all ages has been reported, the NCIPD added.The overall prevalence of acute respiratory diseases in the country is 54.37 compared to 39.22 in the previous week and about 27 for the same period in 2020. Unlike COVID, however, it is estimated at 10,000, not 100,000 people .

Very early this year, the so-called respiratory syncytial virus, typical of the autumn-winter period. As early as August, a sample of a several-week-old baby was infected with both Corona and Corona virus. “The respiratory sensory virus mainly affects newborns and the elderly, and recently it can be more severe,” Prof. Kantardzhiev explained. According to experts, the increase in the incidence of autumn viruses compared to 2020 is due in part to adherence to anti-viral measures against COVID, including wearing the right mask and limited contact.

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Ventilation and disinfection are also very important. “It has been shown that many of these viruses can be acquired by humans, that is. Infected by a handshake with someone who has coughed or sneezed with his palms and then accidentally touches the eyes, mouth or nose. The same if he touches a surface exposed to viral particles that can survive for several hours , ”Said the microbiologist. Most such infections usually have a longer incubation period of several days (the time between exposure to the virus and the onset of symptoms). They start with a runny nose, sore throat and a dry, non-fertile cough, which in people in general health lasts one week, and 25% of people usually cough every two weeks. In those prone to lung infections or COPD, the cough can last longer, Prof. Kantardzhev adds. A large proportion of sore throats in the elderly are 80% viral, while 70% of children are bacterial caused by streptococci.

“Experienced pediatricians can differentiate between them, because in streptococcus angina should be taken antibiotics that should not be a generation of cephalosporins, but should be a second antibiotic or some penicillin,” the professor advises. He also draws attention to the fact that often a viral infection affecting the upper respiratory tract and running with rhinitis also reduces the local immunity of the mucous membranes, which in a few weeks alleviates infection with another virus in the bloodstream. He therefore recommends taking vitamins after healing, but without an overdose for a short period of time, as well as measures to increase immunity. He also mentions that during the months with a little sun it is good to take vitamin D – one drop for children and 2 for adults, and it is also worth taking breaks, for example 10 days of consumption, 10 rest. When a person feels a sore throat in the morning, eat a slice of lemon with baking soda after breakfast. “I also advise in late autumn and the so-called poor summer after Dimitar’s holy day, when there are 1-2 weeks of sun, to do everything possible for at least 15-20 minutes so that the body is in the sun, it is enough to have legs and arms,” ​​Kantardjeev said . .

Currently, influenza is not isolated in Bulgaria. Last year the corona virus managed to eradicate the disease almost completely, with only a few hundred cases isolated in Europe and none in Bulgaria, when 2,500 suspicious samples were tested. This coming winter, however, its distribution is expected to return. “My expectations are that with the abolition of the epidemic against COVID in Western European countries as a result of high vaccine coverage, there could be a cycle of influenza and paraplegonic viruses, which will inevitably reach our country,” the microbiologist said. How large the spread will be is unpredictable. It is usually judged by the development of the winter season in the southern hemisphere. In Australia, for example, this year there was a very poor spread of flu, but there they have a very good record of cases and take very good measures against the corona virus, so the data on flu this time can not attest, says Prof. Kantardzhiev.

Typically, the first cases in the last ten years are isolated in late November, and the virus begins to spread in the plague in December, with a peak in January-February. It takes the body 21 days to build antibodies. The first doses of the vaccine have already been received at the pharmacy network, the supply of general practitioners under the Ministry of Health’s free vaccination program for people over the age of 65 has started and anyone who wants can get vaccinated. “Corona and flu vaccines are compatible. It’s good to have a few days between them,” Prof. Kantardiev explained. The recommendation of the health authorities is to apply with a difference of 14 days.

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