AIn the midst of the ongoing, persistent, overdose of opioids in the United States, the injury group was largely lacking Children. This varies with new research on The JAMA network is open, Which reveals that over-deaths of opioids have increased dramatically in children and adolescents over the past two decades.
The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have conducted data on deaths of other opioid cases for years, but cases of overdose among different age groups are not often studied.
In an article published Friday, a team of researchers who studied CDC data found that nearly 9,000 teenagers under the age of 20 died of prescription overdoses and opioids between 1999 and 2016. During this period, the researchers noted, the mortality rate increased by 268.2 percent.
"What began more than two decades ago as a public health problem, especially among middle-aged, middle-aged men, is now a pandemic of prescription and violence of opioid use, which is growing throughout the US, including the children, "Millions of children and adolescents are routinely exposed in their homes, schools, and communities to powerful and addictive drugs," said Julie Gitter, Ph.D., MPH, RN, general instructor for children at Yale Medical School.
as upside down Reported in March, a study in the journal Pediatrics Showed that the number of children and adolescents hospitalized for opioid overdose doubled between 2004 and 2015 Open network of JAMA The study builds on this work by decomposing data for this population further.
The researchers and several of their authors report some notable findings from an analysis of 8,986 people who died during the 17-year study period:
- 88.1% were between the ages of 15 and 19
- 79.9% were white and young non-Hispanic children
- 73.1% were men
While these numbers do not show this, the number of deaths of other opioids among non-Hispanic black children was a greater proportion of all deaths each year. While the deaths of white children have almost tripled, the deaths of black children are almost four times higher.
They also found that 61.6 percent of deaths were outside a medical facility, with most deaths occurring at 38 percent. Only 10.4% died in hospital.
"To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to examine national data on deaths among children and adolescents from poisons and illegal opioids," write the study authors. "Almost all that is known today about the epidemiology of fatal opioid poisoning in the United States is due to overproduction of adults, in which it is also common to exclude young deaths from surgery or group them into 1 (eg age, 25 years) or 2 , Age 0-14 and 15-24 years).
By analyzing available data into smaller categories, the researchers hope they can begin shedding further light on the issue of opioid overdose among young people. Their data clearly indicate that the problem is growing, as the mortality rates from overdose overdoses in opioids almost tripled among all children and adolescents in the US between 1999 and 2016.