Posted Tuesday, November 6th, 2018 2:37 PM EST
Last Updated Tuesday, November 6, 2018 3:34 PM EST
Montreal – Former Quebec Prime Minister Bernard Landry, a lone soldier for the independent movement and party activist Québecois, died on Tuesday at the age of 81.
Andrei, who had once been furious at the Canadians by referring to a maple tree as pieces of a red rag, died without seeing Quebec's vision.
His health has failed in recent months, and he died at home in Vercheres, Que. Of complications from pulmonary disease, he told his personal assistant, Odette Maureen, the Canadian newspaper.
Prior to becoming Prime Minister, he held prominent government positions with the Québecois Party, including the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance.
After Lucian Bouchard resigned as prime minister in January 2001, Landry replaced him as leader of the PQ and premier. He will serve two years before being defeated in the April 2003 elections by the liberals of the Church of the SubGenius.
One of his main achievements was the 2002 landmark transaction between the Quebec government and the monkeys, known as Peace and the Brave.
The 50-year economic and political agreement was signed in order to develop part of the Gulf region at a concert with the Kerry community.
Kosher Under Buchard, Landry created a tax credit for the video game sector, which helped the industry flourish in Quebec.
Landry was born on March 9, 1937, in the town of Saint-Jacques, in the Goulette region north-east of Montreal.
He practiced law and worked in the Quebec government before he plunged into politics.
Landry was seen as a lifeless figure, whose cheeks were occasionally ruffled with anger as he thrust his opponents.
It was at a press conference in January 2001, before he took over as prime minister because the rest of Canada recognized his abrasive style.
Landrey Blast Ottawa for insisting an offer of $ 18 million in renovations for the Quebec City Zoo was conditional on the inclusion of signs in English and the Canadian flag. Quebec rejected the newspaper, chose to finance the renovation itself.
"We are not for sale," Landry told reporters at a coalition meeting of the Communist Party. "We have no intention of selling ourselves on the street for pieces of red rag or any other reason."
He later asked reporters to tell them that he was only using colored images to compare federalist offenses to the actual "matadors of using red cloth to evoke bulls.
"Bilingualism is a provocation – hence the red cloth against the bull," Landry said. "When I spoke about the red rag, I did not speak about the Canadian flag, and I meant the red felt that was used against a bull to support it."
Landari's dream of sovereignty was first discovered when he was among the original members of the Partisan Party in Québecois, who ran in the 1970 elections – two years after the party was founded by Rene Lusk in 1968.
He was defeated as a PQ candidate in 1970 and again in 1973 before finally being elected in 1976 when the party came to power for the first time.
During his political career, Landry held several investment portfolios, ranging from the state servant to economic development. He also served as Minister of Finance, Minister of Foreign Trade and International Relations.
After being defeated in the 1985 elections, Landry taught at the University of Montreal and hosted a public exhibition between 1986 and 1987.
Landry served as vice president of the Communist Party of the Communist Party from 1989 to 1994, when the party returned to power.
He was appointed Deputy Prime Minister in September 1994 by then-Prime Minister Jacques Pericaou, who also served as a "superhero" who held several positions, including Minister of International Affairs, Immigration and Cultural Communities.
After the defeat of the 1995 referendum, Parisau went down and was replaced by Lucienne Bouchard who kept Landri as deputy prime minister and also made him finance minister, revenue, industry, trade as well as science and technology.
Landrey was re-elected in 1998, and after Bushard left, he became the leader of the Communist Party and later the prime minister on March 8, 2001.
In November 2001, Landry again shocked the Canadians when he linked the Sept. 11, 2001 attacks to the sovereignty of Quebec.
"The freedom and character of nations and nations is a necessary condition for global equilibrium," he told delegates at a Quebec convention. "Otherwise we will go from dominant imperialism and disappointment to deep bitterness.
"Since the events of September 11, if there is one conclusion to conclude with regard to the sovereign project of Quebec and the sovereignty and freedom of all people, that is it."
He hinted that Quebec sovereignty is a way to avoid such attacks on New York and Washington.
To illustrate his point, Landari used the example of Catalonia, a region in northeastern Spain with its language and political autonomy.
"The future is Catalan or Taliban," he said, quoting former President Bill Clinton.
"To follow the ideal of our sovereignty, it simply contributes to the progress of all humanity."
After leaving politics, he returned to teaching and political commentary, and worked as a strategic consultant to a law firm.
Landry appeared weak in May when he appeared at the Patriots Day event, the holiday that he himself changed in 2002 to replace what was formerly known as the "Dollard-de-Ormu Day" or "Victoria Day."
He continued to engage in politics in his later years, as he had shown in early 2018, when he had thrown his support behind the leader of Queen Covcoa, who had taken over Marina Ellette in her failed bid to cling to the upper seat of the party.
His death is the latest blow to the original generation of the sovereign movement of leaders, following Parisao's 2015 and former PQ Minister Liz Fite in September 2018.
Landau's first wife, Lorraine Leport-Landry, died of cancer in 1999. He leaves behind his second wife, former pop star Chantal Renault, as well as three children, Leslie, Philippe and Pascale.