Measles, a highly contagious and potentially fatal disease that was eradicated almost nine years ago in the United States, has risen to its highest level in the last 25 years. So far this year, there are about 700 cases across the US, including Maryland.
All countries reporting measles: Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, New Hampshire , New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Texas, Tennessee and Washington.
In Maryland, there have been cases in 2019, compared to one in 2017 and one in 2018.
Measles spreads among people who are not immune to coughing, sneezing and mouth secretions. Experts say it may stay in the air for up to two hours. For most people, measles causes heat, runny nose, cough and rash that covers the body. In a small fraction of cases, complications such as pneumonia and dangerous brain swelling can occur. The disease is particularly dangerous for infants and young children.
Related: The measles package 4 Maryland was approved
Here are the dates and locations where people may be exposed in Maryland since state health officials confirmed the first measles case on Friday, April 5; All locations are in Pikesville:
- 4000 The old court in Pikesville from 9:15 am to 12:30 pm on Tuesday, April 16,
- 4000 Old Court Road on Sunday, April 14, between 10:30 and 13:30.
- 4000 Old Court Road on Tuesday, April 2, from 9 am to 1 pm.
- 1630 Reisterstown Street at Market Maven on Sunday, April 14, between 11:45 and 2:30.
- 201 Road Reisterstown at Seven Mile Market on Sunday, April 14, from 12:45 am to 3:15 pm
No one dies this year, but the CDC warns that for every 1,000 children who get measles, one or two will die.
Since 2000, when the CDC has declared measles, there have been three measles-related deaths in the United States in 2015.
One in four people who have measles in the United States will require hospitalization, according to federal health data.
Record number of cases
This year, 695 cases were registered in 22 countries, the CDC reported today (Wednesday). This is the worst measles year in the United States since 1994, when there were 963 cases per year, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Of the new cases reported this week, 61 were in New York, where there were outbreaks among members of ultra-Orthodox Jewish communities in Brooklyn and Rockland. About three-quarters of measles cases in the United States are in these communities, and public health officials were concerned in cases where they might erupt between these groups after Passover sessions; Passover ends April 27, and it takes 10 to 12 days for symptoms of measles to occur.
The largest concentration of measles cases are found in New York, Washington and Michigan. The outbreaks are linked to travelers who brought back measles from countries such as Israel, Ukraine and the Philippines, where outbreaks of measles occur, according to the CDC, which advises measles eradication before traveling abroad.
Why measles makes a comeback
Before the vaccine was available, the measles found itself at a terrible price. In 1958, the worst year of measles in recorded history, more than 552 people died. There were more than 763,000 cases of measles that year.
The measles vaccine has been available since the 1960s and is considered safe and effective.
The MMR vaccine to prevent measles, mumps and rubella (also known as German measles) has been used for nearly 50 years in the United States. Measles and rubella were completely destroyed, and half of the horseradish fell 99% due to extensive use of the vaccine.
Measles has started to make a comeback in recent years because of the spread of extensive debunked information on vaccine safety. In 2014, there were 667 measles cases in the United States.
The CDC recommends vaccination for anyone over a year, except for people with the disease as children, since those who have measles are immune.
"Large, well-designed studies have confirmed the safety and effectiveness of the MMR vaccine and have shown that administering the vaccine is not related to the development of autism," said Dr. Peter Marks, director of the Center for Food and Drug Research and Biologists. Of the World Health Organization earlier this year that vaccine hesitancy is one of the top 10 threats to global health.
"It greatly preoccupies us when we see preventative diseases such as measles or mumps remerging in the United States and threatens our communities," Marks said in a statement. "We want to emphasize our continued trust in the security and efficacy of vaccines that are most successful in prevention – in some cases, almost recover – diseases that trigger."
The signs paid attention to CDC counseling during the National Immunization Week for babies, April 27 – May 4.
"We can not say strongly enough that the overwhelming scientific evidence shows that vaccines are among the most effective and safe interventions both to prevent individual diseases and to protect public health," Marks said. "A vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella not only protects us and our children, it protects people who can not be immunized, including children with the immune system being affected by illness and treatment, such as cancer."
The MMR vaccine is 97% effective in preventing measles and rubella if given according to CDC guidelines, which call for two doses ranging from 1 year. There are some minor and short term side effects, such as rash or fever.
"If parents have concerns about these side effects, we recommend that they talk to their doctors about the benefits and risks of vaccines, along with possible consequences of not immunizing against diseases," Marks said.
Rubella, once a common disease that occurred mostly in young children, causes fever, rash, and especially in women – arthritis. Soil contamination during pregnancy can also lead to birth defects.
Dr. William Schaffner, a savings expert at Vanderbilt University, told the AP that the trend away from vaccines is "worrisome" not only because measles is dangerous in itself, but also because the child's meaning is not immune to other motivational diseases.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.
– By the editors of the patch Dalbey and Elizabeth G. Ni