More than 70 percent of patients with type 2 diabetes die from cardiovascular disease, according to a recent report in the Lancet Medical Journal, which showed a 50 percent increase in CVD among Indians. And recurrent hospitalization among all cardiovascular diseases Heart failure is a progressive disease caused by the weakening of the heart muscle, which becomes rigid over time.This reduces the ability of the heart to pump blood properly, thus limiting the amount of oxygen and nutrients circulated in the body's vital organs Diabetes can cause heart failure due to diabetic cardiomyopathy, a disorder of the heart muscle in diabetes patients, Blood spread properly. Patients with type 2 diabetes who were hospitalized for heart failure have a one in four chance of dying within 18 months.
Diabetics are often able to recognize the symptoms of heart failure as the symptoms may get subdued due to their ongoing treatment for diabetes. This can lead to late diagnosis and patients may reach a doctor at an advanced stage of heart failure, in a condition where they should be hospitalized. "Of the total number of heart patients who consult with me every month, about 10 percent of patients have any heart failure, in cases of heart failure are on the rise due to the increasing incidence of ischemic heart disease and chronic conditions such as diabetes and hypertension, Dev Pahlajani, Intervention Cardiologist at Kennedy Breatch Hospital.
It is important for patients with diabetes to pay attention to the following symptoms:
- Swelling in the ankles, legs, and abdomen: Accumulation of fluid can cause swelling in the ankles, legs, and abdomen. This is one of the main symptoms of heart failure.
- Constant fatigue and fatigue: Fatigue is one of the most common problems associated with poor blood sugar. It is also an important symptom of heart failure. Given that the heart is unable to pump blood properly, the body becomes oxygen-free and nutrients and experiences fatigue.
- Uncontrolled glucose levels: Nearly 1 out of 7 patients with diabetes have poor glycemic control and low glycemic control is a strong risk factor for hospitalization of heart patients with type 2 diabetes.
- Shortness of breath: Diabetics often miss a very important symptom of heart failure – shortness of breath, caused due to fluid retention in the lungs. They tend to confuse this as a symptom of low levels of insulin in the body rather than seek medical advice.
It is necessary for patients with chronic diseases like diabetes, hypertension etc. to get themselves screened regularly. Heart failure in diabetic patients can be effectively managed with timely diagnosis. Often after a certain duration of treatment, patients tend to discontinue the drug when they become without symptoms, which can lead to further deterioration of the disease, therefore, adherence to treatment is mandatory.
Keep your heart healthy and check with these foods:
1. Commission (or Indian gooseberry): Indian currants are rich in vitamin C, which is one of the best nutrients to consume a healthy heart. Vitamin C Other rich foods include oranges and lemons.
2. Soybeans: Foods made from soy, including soy milk tofu etc, are also great for the heart, since these are rich in essential vitamins and minerals as well as proteins and polyunsaturated fats. The latter particular entry helps in lowering LDL levels or bad cholesterol in the blood, reducing the risks of heart disease.
3. Berries: Blueberries, strawberries, acai berries etc., are very rich in antioxidants, which help in reducing inflammation and reduce risks for heart disease. Blueberries containing anthocyanins, which are antioxidants, are important for lowering cholesterol levels.
4. Fish oils: Omega 3 fatty acids are essential for a healthy heart. Fatty fish like salmon rich in this essential nutrient and including your diet is great for your heart. Some common vegetal sources of omega-3 include chives, hemp seeds, flax seed, walnuts, etc.
5. Oatmeal: This basic breakfast may only help prevent potentially fatal condition by protecting your heart. Oats are very rich in soluble fiber, which is the key to maintaining heart health. Oatmeal also contain beta-glucan, which fights the build-up of fats or fats in the body.
6. Spinach: Green vegetables are usually healthy for you, as they help manage your weight, but spinach is especially great for your heart. It is rich in carotenoids which fight oxidative stress in the body, as well as folic acid, which prevents hardening of the arteries.
Disclaimer: This content includes advice and provides general information only. This is by no means a substitute for a qualified medical opinion. Always consult your doctor or specialist for more information. NDTV is not responsible for this information.