(CNN) – Fentanyl is now the most common drug in deaths from over-overdoses, according to a new report from the US government.
Data from the National Center for Health Statistics indicate that the overdose rate of the synthetic opioid drug increased by 113% annually between 2013 and 2016.
The total number of doses increased by 54% each year between 2011 and 2016. In 2016, there were 63,632 drug overdose deaths.
According to the report on Wednesday, fentanyl was involved in nearly 29% of overdose deaths in 2016. In 2011, fentanyl was involved in only 4% of all deaths from drug addiction.At the same time, oxycodone was the most common drug, which accounts for 13% Overdose of overactive drugs.
From 2012 to 2015, heroin has become a drug often associated with overdose death. In 2011, the number of fatal overdose for heroin was 4,571, or 11% of all deaths from drug use. In 2016, this number tripled to more than 15,961 deaths, representing a quarter of the total drug overdose that year.
The authors of the new study also found that most of the overdose involved more than one drug. In 2016, 2 out of 5 deaths from cocaine overdose were also associated with pentanil. Nearly a third of the pentanil overdose was involved in heroin. More than 20% of lethal overdose associated with methamphetamine is also involved in heroin.
In 2016, more than 18,000 overdose deaths involved heroin and 16,000 deaths.
Although many experts have pointed to an overprescription of prescription analgesics as the root cause of the opioids crisis in the United States, they say it has developed into the first heroin crisis and now the epidemic of fentanyl.
In the period reviewed (2011-2016), the number of overdoses of methadone-containing drugs was reduced.
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But Dr. Kolodny, one of the founders of "Doctors for Responsible Opioid Drugs," warned against the possibility of interpreting these findings as the end of the problem of prescription drugs, pointing to countries such as Oklahoma, where deaths from prescription opioid overdose Are higher than those killed by heroin and pentanil.
"Pantanil is very deadly, in the geographic areas where it was flooded, deaths have risen as never before," he said.
Most of the emphasis of the overheated crisis for drugs has been on opiates, but the rate and number of deaths associated with cocaine and methamphetamine has also increased.
In the same range of six years, cocaine was consistently the second or third most used drug, and the mortality rate from an overdose of methamphetamine tripled.
Cocaine-related deaths nearly doubled between 2014 and 2016, from 5,892 to 11,316 overdose deaths.
The authors used text analysis to evaluate death certificates for drug-specific reminders. They found that the top 10 drugs in the six-year period were still the same and belonged to three groups of drugs:
– Opioids such as fentanyl, heroin, hydrododon, methadone, morphine and oxycodone
– benzodiazepines such as alprazolam and diazepam
– Stimulants such as cocaine and methamphetamines
The study found that illegal drugs such as fentanyl and heroin were the main cause of unintended overdose, and that prescription drugs were more likely to be involved in excess doses of suicide.