The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Mars Curiosity has been working quietly and alone on the red planet for about 8 years. January 12, 2021 on Earth is the 3rd day of Mars (Sol 3000) after the robot called Curiosity landed on Mars. Photos and videos Received by the team of geologists behind it during this time period show the true face of the surface of Mars and also document many great achievements of curiosity.
In June 2018 these images were sent back to Earth, and scientists finally let go of the hearts that had hung for many years. From the photo, the dust in the place flew because curiosity dug a hole in the rock. This rock is called “Dulot” (see photo center), and is the first Martian rock sampled from a hole in October 2016. The excavation was stopped due to a technical failure before that, and later a new technology was adopted that allows the operation to resume.
From the point of view of curiosity, the two moons of Mars, Phobos and Dimus, will move between Mars and the Sun twice each year of Mars, roughly at the seasonal alternate junction. This video shows Phobos’ Martian day 2359 (sol 2359) 22 kilometers in diameter passing between Mars and the sun and lasting about 35 seconds. These data help to understand the relationship between Mars and Moon.
Mars’ atmosphere is thin, and very little water on Mars becomes water vapor in the atmosphere, and clouds will also form, especially when the temperature is low or the highest temperature of the year. Curiosity watched thin clouds over his head many times, but on Mars 2410 he saw a special cloud formed at a very high altitude, called a glowing cloud. The luminous cloud in the photo is 31 kilometers away from the surface of Mars.
This breathtaking panoramic observation over Mars has a resolution of 1.8 billion pixels, which is currently the highest. It was taken in an area called Glenn Touridon in the second half of 2019. It takes several working days to prepare the highest resolution panoramic images so it is not common. This area is covered with a layer of clay. Glenn Touridon is an area in the mountains of Scotland, rich in important ancient sediments.
Curiosity stopped working on Mars 2784 and took a group photo of the Earth and nearby planets. In front is the Martian cliff. Mercury and earth can be seen in the sky, like two twinkling stars in the gray night sky.
In the summer of 2020, Curiosity, under the command of the scientific team, began to travel to a place high above Mount Sharp that had never been visited, where he was willing to explore rocks rich in sulphate minerals. Mount Sharp is made up of layers of sediment brought in by wind and water, so the higher it is, the younger the rocks. Sulphate minerals in this area may form during a Martian process that began from wet to drier.
On Mars Day 2696, curiosity completed its steepest ascent and successfully ascended to the top of Greenhill’s slope – open, flat ground covered with sandstone. She toured the high ground for a few days, returning to Glenn Turidon on Mars 2729, and took this group of photos before descending.
From Earth’s point of view, Mars is red, hence the nickname “red planet”. However, the rock formations below the surface of Mars are actually very colorful, and you only need to drill a few shallow holes at a glance. Curiosity fever and fever 29 times on Mars. As shown in the picture, the Martian rock layer shows different shades of red, yellow, blue and green because of the different minerals.
The Mars Tour Orbiter (MRO) took a picture of curiosity with a high-altitude HiRISE camera. The place where it is located is called Glasgow, where it has just completed the drilling of the holes.
Now that the new crown plague is continuing, more ground monitoring work is being done by scientists in their homes. However, curiosity has accumulated 8 years (3 years of Mars) and 29 times of drilling across Mars, and there is no sign of fatigue.
It is not raining on Mars and a layer of dust has accumulated on the surface. When the surface temperature of Mars rises below the sun, a large-scale vortex will be created, which is not often visible to the naked eye, but when a violent wind vortex passes over the dust, it will rise dust and solid dust will reveal the cyclone shape. go out. This video is an excerpt from a 4-minute video of the “Devil of Dust” vortex on Mars 2847 (Sol 2847), which is about 1.5-1.5 km from the spacecraft. The cyclone is about 5 meters in diameter and at least 50 meters high.
Curiosity successfully made three holes in the rock on Mars Day 2922 on Mars, and took selfies to celebrate. This is her last selfie. The first two holes are named after the 19th-century British paleontologist Mary Anning. The fossils she found on the cliffs of the south-west coast of England during her lifetime made a major contribution to the study of prehistoric marine life on Earth.
The material obtained from the three holes in the Martian rock was used to perform two “wet chemistry” experiments, that is, mixing rock powder with chemical reagents to produce organic molecules that may be stored in the rock. The rocks at this site are formed by sediment from ancient streams and lakes. The study of curiosity about some rocks found that the humid environment and the presence of organic molecules suggest that Mars was suitable for long-term biological survival. The third hole drilled in the rock was to explore the clear dark lumps at the corners of the board.
Mars Day, Sol, is equivalent to 24 hours and 39 minutes on Earth. January 12, 2021 on Earth is the 3rd Martian Day (Curiosity) of the “Curiosity” mission to explore Mars. Mars Curiosity “Curiosity” landed on Mars on August 6, 2012.