The fight against malaria remains standing in the world, though For a slight improvement in the mortality rate, Two million more people contracted the disease in 2017, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
These figures are included in the World Malaria Report for 2018, which relates last year and was presented in Maputo by the World Malaria Program Director of the World Health Organization, Spanish scientist Pedro Alonso, among others.
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"No one should die of malaria. But the world is dealing with a new reality: as progress approaches, we risk wasting years of work, investment and success in reducing the number of people suffering from the disease, "said World Health Organization Director-General Tedros. Admon Gavris, in the report.
In 2017, they were registered 219 million cases of malaria – from 217 million years earlier – and some 435,000 people lost their lives, Compared to 451 thousand deaths in 2016.
Of all deaths, 266,000 were under the age of five (61%), so that in 2017 more than 700 children died each day, equivalent to a child killed by malaria every two minutes.
And the most punished continent was Africa again, where 10 countries – together with India – accounted for 70% of malaria cases, About $ 151 million.
Among these, Nigeria, Madagascar and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are the countries with the highest immigration, with more than half a million new cases.
"We see a relatively small group of countries that have a very high number (of cases), such as Nigeria, which has 25% of all malaria in the world," Alonso told a press conference at Maputo.
In contrast, India reported 3 million fewer patients, a decrease 24% over the same period last year.
"It is clear that we need to change the course and improve the way we fight malaria, especially in those countries that bear the greatest burden," the document said.
The new malaria strategy, announced last May by the World Health Organization with the support of the Roll Malaria Partnership, underscores the need to channel political will – both nationally and globally – to improve the distribution of resources and increase funding, above all, of national funds.
Despite the relative decline in the fight against the disease, the report also highlights some progress.
The World Health Organization has not reported in 2017 There is no local malaria transmission in China or El Salvador, Countries where the disease was endemic for a long time, and the number of countries that have gone towards its eradication – with less than 10,000 cases – rose to 46, two more than in 2016.
In addition, Paraguay came in 2018 Certificate of free malaria in the country – –, Being America's first country to receive this status since Cuba did 45 years ago; And Argentina is in the process of receiving it, since it has not recorded cases for 3 years.
The data are also improving compared to the 2010 reference year.
Since then, the incidence of malaria (the number of new cases among populations at risk) has decreased by 18% worldwide, from 72 to 59 cases per 1,000 population at risk.
In other regions, with the exception of South East Asia, which continued to see the rate of decline, the rest of the WHO regions recorded little progress or an increase in this rate, particularly in Africa, with 219 cases per 1,000 residents.
In America, prevalence has increased due to a larger number of cases Brazil, Nicaragua and, above all, Venezuela.
"It's also amazing how many cases we've registered in the Americas, as we see in Venezuela, but also in Brazil," Alonso said.
"Venezuela is experiencing a period of political and economic difficulties affecting the functioning of health services," the scientist said. He recalled that "historically it was one of the countries that took the most in the fight against malaria."
The stalemate in funding the fight against malaria is, according to the World Health Organization, one of the main burdens of progress.
In the year 2107 $ 3,100 million was invested in the fight against this evil, which has been more or less steady in the past eight years, but is not enough to achieve the goals of the technical strategy of malaria 2016-2030 (EMT). .
The EMT seeks to reduce the incidence of deaths and deaths by 40% compared to 2015, for which annual funding will need to be increased by $ 6.6 billion by 2020.