Saturday , October 23 2021

Influenza vaccination in the elderly significantly reduces the risk of death. However, only 20% of them are protected



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Czech Republic – More than 2 million people over the age of 65 live in the Czech Republic.1 Everyone is entitled to free flu vaccines. The elderly belong to a group called the risk of the population because they are at risk for serious diseases and other complications.2 People over the age of 65 are up to 60 times more likely to die and generally comprise the most affected category by the flu.3a Vaccination is the only vaccine that effectively protects the flu, reduces the course of the disease and can prevent fatal consequences. However, only about 20% of the elderly are aged 65+ in the Czech Republic.4a

Total 75-90% of people
Over 65 years of age on the consequences of the flu died.3b, 5a"The cause of death is not only the disease itself, but also other health problems
Influenza complications can cause, age is associated
Physiological changes – in addition to metabolism, muscle mass or function
Tissue morphology also changes the immune system, which in turn leads to a decrease
Resistance to various infections, including flu "
He says MUDR. Zdeněk Jágrvá, in May
The anti-physical department of the Prague city's health center.

Danger of disease
Influenza is increasing in the elderly in relation to chronic diseases, which
Older people often find themselves. Experts say one or more diseases at the same time
Suffers over 90% of people over the age of 70. Statistics show that up to 3/4 people
In the 65+ age group, he turns to cardiovascular disease, half growing
Blood pressure, 37% ischemic heart disease.6 Additional frequency
The problem is diabetes, which affects up to 20% of the elderly. its
The danger in older years lies in the fact that it can manifest itself
Asymptomatic and non-specific phenomena.7 Age is a risk factor
Also in connection with pneumonia (pneumonia), the presence of which by the effect
Immunosuppression decreases especially after 65 years.5 b

Flu patients chronically ill – a double gun

"Colds of influenza in chronic patients is a chronic double-edged
Diseases increase the risk of influenza, and flu also contributes significantly
Worsening of the current health situation. However, it is not appreciably appreciated, not only
Among the senior population, but in the Czech Republic in general "
brilliant MUDR. Zdeněk Jágrvá. Republic of the Czech Republic
Is only at the level of 5-6%3 c, Among the elderly then about 20%4 b.
Both the World Health Organization and European institutions recommend vaccination
The elderly at the level of at least 75%.3D The elderly are in the Czech Republic
The Republic as a risk group is entitled to a free flu vaccine. Completely
This year Vaxigrip tetra four valent vaccination is also covered
Of the last season in the Chinese market. Compared to the previous three walls
Vaccines are working against four flu strains in circulation (both A and strains A
Two B strains) and provides even broader protection.

Health and medicine

The benefits of the vaccine are approved in several scientific studies. Hence, in addition to the direct effect, the vaccine also plays a secondary role in preventing complications, hospitalizations and death. For seniors, older people who live outside the centers contribute to a 30-70% reduction in hospitalizations for pneumonia and influenza. For the elderly living in the facilities, the vaccine reaches 50-60% of the effectiveness in preventing hospitalization or pneumonia and up to 80% of the effectiveness in preventing death.8 In practice, this means that senior resilience may become ill, but the course of the disease is mild, and has no vaccine, is significantly less vulnerable to life.

Mgr. Kateinaina Jíchová,
(-red.)

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