Infectious diseases are no longer the biggest killers in the world. Even in poor areas, they have been replaced by non-transferable diseases, especially civilization. But unprecedented success brings unexpected problems – in Africa, where people have often died of infections at a younger age, there is not enough medical care for older patients. Instead of cholera, poor people are dying of diabetes.
People in Africa experience a higher age, with non-infectious diseases like cancer. However, local health is not ready for this, for example, in Uganda, there is only one radiation facility waiting for the audience,Source
Infectious diseases are not the main cause of death in Africa since 2011. In 2015, diseases such as dysentery, pneumonia, malaria or tuberculosis in the African continent accounted for 44% of all deaths. This number is still high, and in most parts of the world, infectious diseases account for less than 10 percent of all deaths.
However, the rate at which the number of victims of infections in Africa is falling is admirable. Over the past few decades, their number fell three to four times faster than in developed countries. Africa is undergoing an extraordinary rapid medical revolution.
People live long enough
In 1990, 25 percent of deaths died in poor countries in diseases such as diabetes or cancer. In 2040, this rate will be 80 percent.
The increase in the number of non-communicable diseases is partly explained by the fact that people live long enough to develop the disease. Many people from poor countries still encounter such diseases at a later age than people from developed countries. Heart disease, diabetes and other diseases, called diseases of civilization, actually become diseases of the poor.
According to medical expert Thomas Bollyky, poor countries have to deal with the consequences of their success. This is because these countries are fighting infectious diseases with medical assistance from the international community. In developed countries it was not. In US cities between 1900 and 1936, mortality decreased mainly due to chlorine water filtration.For better hygiene, quarantine and education had positive effects before the advent of effective drugs.
Without disruption of health services
Poor countries achieve the same results faster, but often without institutional changes in cities in the developed world. Child deaths have fallen. But the result is too often adults and patients who live without adequate medical care or employment opportunities.
Poor countries have therefore had to spend more money on the prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases. African elites often ignore the problem and seek treatment abroad, but those remaining in these countries have, at best, very limited health.
Africa is spreading at an amazing rate, but cities are often unprepared and crowded by sick people.
Reorganization of the diseases of civilization must be in Africa and in foreign organizations. Cancer, upper respiratory tract diseases, heart problems and diabetes account for 60% of global deaths. However, only one percent of all aid to developing countries is spent on medical treatment for non-communicable diseases.
Poor countries should also act against pollution and tobacco products. African governments should cooperate against cigarette manufacturers and other promoters of unhealthy lifestyles.