To prevent the flu, you must first protect yourself from misconceptions about this contagious infection, which in humans every day in the cold months deprives people not only of their ability to work, but even life. Uga Dumfries, the chief specialist of infectious diseases at the Ministry of Health, explains the most common myths about influenza.
Myth No 1 "In order not to be infected with flu, immunity is strong enough"
"Most people are susceptible to influenza viruses, no matter how strong or weak the general immunity is, it is important to have specific immunity from the flu virus and are concerned after a flu shot has been removed or after vaccination." If a person encounters a new type of influenza virus, there is a high risk of developing a disease. A new influenza virus, still called an epidemic, seems to affect many more people, "says Dumfis.
"If you think – I will not be sick with the flu, because I take vitamins and athlete, so he needs to know – it does not work." Immature deaths or diseases are more affected by specific immunity and human genetic characteristics, and the risk of disease is increased by stress, fatigue, indigestion, unbalanced diet, overheating and cooling. In turn, the severity of the flu is determined by several factors, including also the body response.
"There are cases where, because of strong immunity, the organism is" too active "to respond to influenza viruses and inflammatory processes to produce more pronounced symptoms of influenza, which means the disease is more severe.But usually in these cases, Explains Dumfis.
Myth No 2 "Influenza vaccination can be harmful to health"
This statement has no evidence and can not be scientifically proved; on the contrary, studies have proven to be a reliable and effective vaccine. The vaccine can cause transient reactions – fever, swelling and pain at the site of a stitch lasting up to two days.
As a result, it can be convincingly stated that the vaccine is the safest way to prevent the spread of influenza. "It pays them both by comparing the price of the vaccine to the costs of treatment, taking into account other personal financial losses associated with the disease, such as using a sick vacation page," he says. "Every year people die in Latvia who were able to protect the vaccine.
Myth No 3 "Flu vaccination in pregnancy especially dangerous"
Unnamed: Quite the opposite! Pregnant women are at high risk, and vaccines are especially recommended for them, and the state compensates for the cost of acquiring a flu vaccine by 50% for pregnant women.
"Flu is especially dangerous for pregnant women because of the high temperature that affects the fetus, which adversely affects fetal development and jeopardizes the benefits of pregnancy." It has been shown that pregnant women can be vaccinated throughout the pregnancy and it does not adversely affect the baby.
On the contrary, the baby gets the proteins needed from the immune mother. Doctors who have been treated with the swine flu ward of pregnant women will not want to encounter such cases in practice. It is terrible if a pregnant woman needs a caesarean section because of the flu due to resuscitation! "Says Dumfis of the flu-induced effects.
Myth No. 4 "It does not make sense to get a vaccine because it is not known what the flu virus will be this year"
Influenza viruses are very different, so every year, towards the new influenza season, it is tested which viral variants were most common in the previous season in different parts of the world and what changes occurred in the structure of these viruses. Accordingly, the World Health Organization offers recommendations for the composition of the vaccine for the next season for the northern and southern hemispheres, respectively.
Sometimes a person who is vaccinated against the flu may still be infected with the flu, especially if he is an adult or a person with impaired immunity.
Although a flu vaccine can not protect itself from disease in all cases, it reduces the need for hospitalization for patients with complications associated with death and death, which is a very effective preventive measure.
Myth No 5 "Flu can be infected only once a year"
People are more likely to be infected with the most common influenza virus, or dominant period in the territory in question. After the flu shot, a person becomes refractory from a relevant influenza virus. Since the influenza season lasts from November to May and during the season a number of different influenza viruses spread, there may be recurrence of the flu, especially in an uninhibited person, because the immune person is protected from three or four of the most common viruses.
As a rule, a flu epidemic begins in the second half of January, when children return to schools where they "exchange viruses" after the holidays, and the infection spreads quickly to other populations.
Myth No 6 "A person gets contagious after he first discovers flu symptoms"
No – a person infected with flu distributes the virus one day before it begins to feel the signs of the disease – fever, bone loss, dry cough, neck pain, weakness and loss of appetite. Keep in mind that the infection is also distributed to seemingly healthy people or with mild symptoms that continue to reach educational institutions, workplaces and other public places.
The virus spreads in the form of small droplets, an infected shriek, coughing and even talking, or by touch – shaking or touching household objects. Infection can be very easy, for example, by touching the door handle and then rubbing your nose or mouth with your unclean hands. When it reaches the airways, the virus breaks down quickly, and after a few days or even a few hours, a person suddenly feels sick. In order to reduce the spread of infection, it is often necessary to wash hands, clean rooms, as much as possible, avoid visitors to public places, especially during the flu epidemic.
The material was prepared by the Ministry of Health and the Center for Disease Prevention and Control in the public awareness campaign "Do not allow the flu to catch yourself!" The goal of the campaign is to encourage vaccination against the population and to raise awareness of the importance of the vaccine, especially in populations at high risk of complications related to influenza.