"2. Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes the body to develop insulin incorrectly, as a result of which insulin can be sufficient in the body, it may be normal or even elevated, but the use of insulin in disturbed cells and blood sugar remains high. In order to prevent the disease, it is necessary to provide conditions in which the body can function normally, "explains the pharmacist.
Maintain a proper body weight
Proper body weight improves the rational use of insulin in the body. On the other hand, being overweight is considered to be the main risk factor for developing diabetes for both women and men. When the body gets oils, the size and number of fat cells increase, which complicates the penetration of glucose in cells, which requires an increasing amount of insulin – the pancreas is unable to produce it in the required amount. With the increased need for insulin, metabolism changes and the body begins to function incorrectly. The risk of developing diabetes is also determined by the location of body fat. Upper obesity (the obesity of an apple) increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes more than the indirect portion of the body (pear).
»Expert advice for the elderly on how to maintain a lifestyle and well-being
For the prevention of diabetes, foods that provide all the necessary nutrients and minerals are valuable, but do not encourage excessive buildup of kilograms.Each meal should be done according to what is called The principle of the dish, Where a half plate is designed for vegetables. Vegetables must be fresh. If you are preparing salads, then without oil sauce, they can be poured with light olive oil and citrus sauce. צלחת plate should be provided for protein products – meat, fish, dairy products, eggs, legumes, carbs plate – for starchy products. A good choice are whole wheat products, such as whole pasta, brown rice, various cereals and grains.
It is recommended to use only a small amount of healthy (unsaturated) fats, such as olive oil, rapeseed or linseed oil, for preparing meals. The best choice for cooking is an oven or sauté dishes where food can be cooked without excess fat. There should be excessive consumption of heavy meat, cakes, pastries, chocolate and other sweets. Must be at least 2 liters of water. It is recommended to plan regular meals and avoid deception between meals to maintain a healthy and balanced menu.
Adhere to a sufficient amount of exercise
An active physical lifestyle is the key to being successful in avoiding various health problems, including type 2 diabetes. A sufficient amount of exercise should be primarily performed by those who perform the office work and spend their daily lives sitting often. The movements help not only to reduce weight, but because the person moves more, the muscles consume more energy (glucose), leading to a decrease in sugar level. It is important to have exercise every day or at least 5 days a week. This does not mean you have to go to the gym every day, it is optimal to spend 20 minutes on exercises or go for a 30-60 minute walk.