Monday , May 16 2022

Healthy diet and lifestyle in the 21st century – a task (not) possible?


Experts believe that functional food not only maintains optimal human health, but also provides healthy eating habits.

Experts believe that functional food not only maintains optimal human health, but also provides healthy eating habits. / Photograph by Rita Stankevičitt ((L))

It is no secret that healthy eating is the best prevention for diseases such as diabetes, stroke, heart disease or even cancer. According to the World Health Organization, malnutrition and lack of physical activity are now a major health threat in the world. It seems that it is not easy – we eat better, move and stay healthy, but is it really easy?

In 2016, a study conducted by the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat) shows that every sixth European resident is obese. This is a serious public health problem as it significantly increases the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and other diseases.

In the meantime, a quarter of the world's adults, or about $ 1.4 billion, spend enough time for active physical activity. According to scientists, lack of physical activity is dangerous to a person as well as smoking, diabetes or heart disease, and sometimes can have even more serious consequences. For 20 minutes a day, you should spend at least walking, running, swimming or other favorite sports activities.

Some characters really make you worry. November 8, the European day of healthy eating, European countries are trying to repeat the importance of healthy eating to health.

Healthy foods: apples, broccoli, walnuts, avocado, dried fruits, olive oil.

"In the last 20-30 years, food has changed drastically in Lithuania – fast food supply has increased, or, for example, has increased the range of chocolate containing a lot of salt and sugar, etc. The changes and proteins in the diet, such as chicken, are antibiotics that stimulate certain hormonal changes, Increase the amount of estrogen, "said Professor KTU at the University of Kovu." Modern Health Strategies, # 2011 Student ", Healthy Lifestyle and Diet Dr Arturs Suite.

What food is a healthy choice today?

The answer to the question of what is healthy food again seems simple. It is a food that provides the body with the necessary ingredients: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins.

According to A. Sujeta, diet should include more nutritional and sports experts, scientists who use menus useful for human health, such as apples, broccoli, walnuts, avocados, useful dried fruits, olive oil, etc.

It is very important for a healthy diet to use enough fiber, so you need to remember the use of fiber with food. The easiest way to get them is to choose a fruit, a vegetable or a sandwich with all the pieces of bread for snacks.

It is for snacks that A.Sujeta advises to pay attention to. "If you drink coffee with milk and sugar, the body treats it as a snack, then" after eating "such a snack (like others), you should not eat it for a few hours to make the blood sugar normalized.

Scientists also note that functional foods are dietary foods that are consumed daily and which, other than nutritional value, have an additional physiological effect on the human body. These food products contain functional food ingredients during the production process (the active ingredients of these foods may be dietary fiber, polyhedrin, bran, digestive tract and many others).

Experts believe that functional food not only maintains optimal human health, but also provides healthy eating habits.

"Functional food is considered food for the 21st century," says Professor Remints Peters and Neskutunis, a professor of food science and technology at the Faculty of Chemical Technology of KTU's Faculty of Chemical Technology at the Faculty of Food Technology of KTU.

How to start a sport?

"Comparing the situation 100 years ago and now, we have reduced the movement about 4 times," stresses A. Sujeta. Sports, being physically active is just as important as healthy eating. It is recommended that adults aged 18-64 at least 150 minutes per week for moderate intensity aerobic exercise (fast walking, bicycling, running, etc.) for physical activity or at least 75 minutes for intensive aerobic exercise.

A healthy lifestyle expert emphasizes that no matter what age a person – a child, an adult or an adult – needs to pass to everyone and does not require special conditions.

"There is no excuse not to play sports, the basic conditions are sufficient, even if a student who lives in the barracks can go to the yard to escape," she says, adding that students who say they are prevented from doing sports are amazing.

According to him, starting with the smaller goals and investments, the will and desire to do sports will not disappear from the first failure of the maximum goals set for themselves.

Higher schools are also trying to create a positive situation for sports students, for example, KTU was active in the second year club "Activated" sports, where students can exercise free of charge and get advice on sports and nutrition issues.

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