In its new guidelines, the World Health Organization recommends specific actions to reduce the risk of cognitive decline and dementia
According to the new guidelines published today by the World Health Organization (WHO), it is possible to reduce the risk of developing dementia by regular exercise, by not smoking, avoiding the risk of developing dementia. Use harmful alcohol by controlling weight, focusing on a healthy diet and striving to maintain good blood pressure and low blood cholesterol levels.
WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreesus said: "Over the next 30 years, the number of people with dementia is expected to triple.
We must do everything in our power to reduce the risk of developing dementia. The scientific evidence gathered to develop these guidelines confirms what we suspected for a while, meaning that what is good for our heart is also good for our brain. "
The guidelines provide health services with a knowledge base to advise patients on practices to better protect against cognitive decline and dementia. They will also provide governments, policymakers and planning authorities with a valuable tool to guide policy development and program planning to promote a healthy lifestyle.
Reducing the risk factors for dementia is one of the areas of activity included in Global Action Plan for Public Health against Dementia who will. Other areas of focus include strengthening of information systems for dementia, diagnosis, treatment and management of dementia, support for caregivers of people with dementia, and research and innovation.
The global dementia epidemic, established by the World Health Organization and launched in December 2017, is a collection of information on state activities and resources related to this disease, such as national programs, initiatives to improve the way in which dementia is seen, awareness campaigns and treatment institutes. Data from 21 countries, including Bangladesh, Chile, France, Japan, Jordan and Togo have been included on this platform, and currently 80 countries are committed to providing data.
Among the WHO's main recommendations to countries to support them in their efforts to manage the growing challenge of dementia for public health are the development of national policies and policies on dementia.
In 2018, countries such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Qatar, Slovenia and Sri Lanka supported the fight against dementia through a comprehensive and multifaceted public health action. .
For Dre Debra Kastel, director of the World Health Organization's Mental Health and Drug Addiction Department, said that support for caregivers of people with dementia is an essential component of any national plan to combat dementia.
"Therapists of people with dementia are often family members who need to make significant adjustments to their family and professional lives and take care of their loved ones.That is why WHO has created iSupport.This is an online training program that provides therapists of people with dementia with advice on overall management of treatment, how to deal with changes Behavioral, and how care of their health ".
ISupport service is currently in use in eight countries and other countries are expected to put it in place soon.
Dementia: A public health problem that is gaining momentum
Dementia is a disease characterized by a deterioration in cognitive function that is larger than what can occur in the context of normal aging.
This deterioration includes memory, logic, orientation, understanding, skill, learning ability, language and judgment. Dementia is caused by a group of diseases and injuries that affect the brain, such as Alzheimer's disease or stroke.
Dementia is a rapidly growing public health problem affecting about 50 million people worldwide. There are nearly 10 million new cases every year. Dementia is one of the leading causes of disability and dependence among the elderly.
In addition, the disease is a heavy economic burden for companies as a whole and estimates that by 2030 the cost of treating people with dementia will reach $ 2,000 billion a year.