Antibiotic-resistant bacteria not only put their lives at risk but also weigh on health systems: they can To generate up to $ 3.5 billion in annual expenses by 2050 In each OECD country, according to a report released Wednesday, November 7.
"These bacteria are more expensive than influenza, AIDS, TB, and they will rise further if the states do not act to solve this problem," said Michele Cechini, a public health expert at AFP. OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development).
According to him, Countries are already spending an average of 10% of their health budget on antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
According to the report, 33 of the 36 OECD countries are resistant bacteria that can kill 2.4 million people in Europe, North America and Australia by 2050.
A separate study, published Monday in the Lancet Infectious Diseases, reported 33,000 the number of deaths attributed to these bacteria in 2015 In the European Union.
However, we can fight them with "simple steps" at a moderate cost, according to the OECD: "to encourage better hygiene" (eg by encouraging handshakes), "put an end to over-prescribing antibiotics" or include rapid diagnostic tests To determine if infection is viral (in which case antibiotics are useless) or bacterial.
According to the OECD, these measures will cost only $ 2 per capita per year Prevent three-quarters of deaths.
"The investments in a major public health program, which includes some of these measures, could be wiped out within one year and would save $ 4.8 billion a year," says the OECD.
Health authorities, starting with the World Health Organization (WHO), a permanent alert Danger of increased consumption of antibiotics, Making resistance to the germs enormous. Young children and the elderly are at particular risk.
"In Brazil, Indonesia and Russia, Between 40 and 60% of infections have been resistant, Compared to an average of 17% in OECD countries, "the latter said.
Even more worrisome, "antibiotic resistance in second or third line is expected to be 70 percent higher in 2030 than in 2005." These antibiotics are the ones that should serve as the last source, when there is no other solution.