A PMS or premenstrual syndrome is the menstrual period before menstruation. It is characterized with a set of physical and emotional symptoms caused by hormonal changes that bring discomfort to women's lives.
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According to the gynecologist of São Paulo, Maria Elisa Noriler, during each menstrual cycle, the female organism undergoes important changes as the rise of estrogens and falling progesterone. In addition, as nerve cells are affected by the production of female hormones, there is an effect on the tumor and a monthly decrease in the production of serotonin – the hormone that gives a sense of well-being.
"Cramps, moods and fluid retention are some of the symptoms that may arise, but they are very dependent on a woman and a woman, and can be very clear in some or very discrete people," the expert explains.
Think about it, Maria Elisa Some tips on what to do to avoid during the days before menstruation, which can help make this period less turbulent:
Regular practice of exercise: Physical activity, such as bodybuilding and running, release endorphin that brings a sense of well-being and enjoyment, soothes and aids in bowel function. "Another tip is to perform stretching activities such as yoga, which helps normalize the adrenalin levels and anxiety control," the expert advises.
Correct Update: Bet on oatmeal, avocado or banana. These foods are rich in magnesium, nutrients that can perform more than 300 enzymatic reactions, which help to relax the nervous system and muscles. Another vitamin that can help during this period are dark vegetables, which have high levels of calcium, responsible for a decrease in stomach cramps.
Avoid drinking alcoholic beverages: Alcohol, like chocolate, brings a sense of immediate pleasure; however, its consumption highlights fluid retention, increases sensitivity, and, in addition, disrupts the woman's sleep cycle, causing excessive sleep or insomnia.
Consume whole carbohydrates: The high fiber content in whole carbohydrates avoids constipation and some gastrointestinal discomfort to stress during PMS.
"The choice of treatment is done according to the patient's complaints, sometimes it is necessary to prescribe anti-inflammatory or hormonal treatments, so it is very important for a consular gynecologist to achieve greater success in controlling the symptoms of PMS," concludes Alisa.
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