Thus, the number of deaths in this case has doubled since 1990, making skin cancer a real health problem. Despite these alarming data, skin cancer has one of the highest rates of healing if it is detected early. In Romania, statistics are alarming that the survival rate of patients with skin cancer is only 60% (in the case of serious cancer). Romanian patients present themselves to the dermatologist at advanced stages of the disease, whereas in Western Europe and the United States, even if the prevalence is higher, the survival rate is even higher due to prevention of screening and biopsy programs of the skin.
Prevention, the best chance to live
Ninety percent of the novels are not even aware of skin cancer, according to a study by the Leventre Foundation for Skin Health, but this figure can be changed by annual skin tests and monthly self-exams. "Skin diseases are the fourth leading cause of disability around the world, and among the most common diseases are cutaneous carcinoma, psoriasis, warts, acne, atopic dermatitis and seborrheic dermatitis and mycosis of the skin 20% of the types of the disease take up 80% during the consultation. 80% are rare diagnoses that require a lot of experience, "says dermatologist Gabriella Dodan.
Bio-filtration and skin biopsy are needed to correctly diagnose most dermatological disorders, as dermatology has more than 3,000 diagnoses with the same five clinical signs. For example, in its early stages, melanoma is very similar to moles that already exist on the skin, so the risk of tumor is unknown and escaped from testing and treatment. For mosquitoes above 10 cm square, present at birth, the risk of melanoma is about 450 times higher than the general population, and in people with more than 100 moles, the risk is seven times higher than those with fewer than 15 moles. Increase the number of new moles and the appearance of melanoma include sun exposure or artificial UV rays in tanning salons.
Most dermatological conditions are discovered by patients, and doctors recommend regular skin tests. This can be done by the patient or by the doctor through skin radiations. The consultations involve a dermatologist, accompanied by a series of questions about the medical history of the patient's skin. During the consultation, each body is tested with a dermatoscope. This magnifying glass helps the doctor see the structure of the skin. A dermatologist can take pictures to monitor certain lesions in future consultations. Normally, full skin control lasts between 10 and 20 minutes, and biopsy is the only procedure that provides safe diagnosis and is essential in dermatological diagnosis and especially skin cancer. "A skin biopsy is needed to diagnose most of the dermatological conditions, and the doctor collects a piece of tissue and sends it to the laboratory, where it is studied by a dermatopathologist under a microscope, and if it turns out to be a cancer, He will establish the appropriate treatment program, "explains Dr. Anka Stensio, a dermatologist.
In the last decade (2008-2018), the number of melanomas diagnosed each year has increased by 53% worldwide.
"Any mole that appears after the age of 25 is suspicious and should be controlled regularly, and periodic control is the most important means of diagnosing the growth in the early stages, when it is still curable." We need to do skin tests like we do the annual blood tests or maybe even more often The same category is part of the biopsy, which, although scary, is only a trivial analysis, but it can save your life. (Dr. Mehala Leventer, dermatologist)