Complications of diabetes – it can poison the life of a person with disruptions in the endocrine system even more. It is not enough to monitor your blood sugar level and adjust your diet to exercise your regime to live a full life. It also needs to take care of your health because with diabetes, problems with blood vessels begin, a person is more sensitive to allergies, etc. What dangerous complications of diabetes are, what you need to know about them and how to deal with them, AiF.ru said Endocrinologist Elena Syurakshina, Ph.D., Doctor of the highest category.
Complications of diabetes seriously threaten the life and health of the patient. All problems appear due to unstable blood sugar levels. High glucose contributes to changes in blood characteristics, violates the functions of the brain, cardiovascular system, affects the kidneys and nerve cells. The catalyst for complications is often stress, as well as infections, viruses that can inhibit immunity. Against this background, both complications and complications can occur immediately. You should learn them in advance, so as not to panic, but to deal effectively or provide proper prevention.
Compensation of diabetes (a violation of biological balance in the body against the background of diabetes, when the organs should work for two, – Ed.) Often leads to ketoacidosis. This is a severe distribution of metabolic regulation mechanisms in patients with diabetes, characterized by elevated glucose and ketones. Accompanied by thirst, increased urination, dry skin, acetone odor from the mouth, abdominal pain, headaches, fatigue, irritability, drowsiness, lethargy. The basis for treatment is insulin therapy, rehydration measures and repair of pathological changes in electrolyte metabolism. In this situation, it is necessary to consult your doctor as soon as possible, because ketoacidosis can be fatal without proper treatment.
Hypoglycemia is a condition caused by very low levels of blood sugar. This is often associated with the treatment of diabetes itself. This pathology is characterized by general weakness, fatigue, pale skin, tremor, anxiety, excessive sweating, crying during sleep. The treatment should be as quick as possible to restore blood sugar levels to the normal range, and involves the use of foods and high sugar drinks. And here it is important to prevent the development of such a state. Therefore, be sure to contact your doctor for correcting the situation and the choice of prevention. After all, a sharp drop in sugar can cause a hypoglycaemic coma and death as a result.
In human diabetes, some variations of coma can occur against the background of blood sugar jumping. The situation is very dangerous and unpleasant. Without time assistance, the case can end in death.
Non-ketone hyperacosmolar is a severe complication of diabetes, characterized by glucose metabolism and elevated blood levels, a sharp increase in plasma osmolarity (this is the sum of all dissolved blood components, the skin), pronounced dehydration within cells, and lack of ketosisidosis. The main symptoms are an increase in the number and number of changed, dehydration of the body, muscle hypertonus, convulsions, growing drowsiness, speech is not understood. Treatment includes rehydration, reconstruction of normal insulin levels, elimination and prevention of complications. There should be no self-care in this situation.
Cholesterol is a condition characterized by low glycemic level, decreased maintenance in alkaline blood, pH and increased lactic acid level. The cause of development may be chronic hypoxia, severe dehydration of the body with diabetic hyperosmolar coma. This will indicate the following symptoms: Increased weakness, pain in the muscles and heart, which are quite obvious. If such signs appear, you should immediately seek special help from doctors. In such a situation, hospitalization is required, otherwise paralysis of the respiratory center and death may occur.
High levels of blood sugar increase the likelihood of eye disease. This is due to damage to small blood vessels and is called microangiopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of vascular nature in diabetes. This pathology leads to irreversible blindness. It is clear that in this situation it is better to prevent than to try to stop the disease. Therefore, for the purpose of prevention, it is necessary to monitor regularly and responsible for blood sugar levels, also monitor cholesterol levels so that the blood vessels do not crash even more, which is worth keeping track of blood pressure.
Diabetic foot syndrome – damage to the skin, large and small blood vessels, nerves, bones and foot muscles. The reason is the toxic effect of blood sugar levels on large and small blood vessels, nerves, muscle-skeletal tissues. First, it is manifested by pain in the lower extremities, numbness, burning, cooling of the legs, and parasthesia (chills, itching). Damage to the deep tissue that develops due to deterioration in the blood supply usually looks like poor healing ulcers, infectious lesions and gangrene. Patients with diabetes do not need self-medication if there are problems such as piercing, dark nails of the nail, fungal lesions of nail plates, warts and warts, cuts in the skin when cutting nails, burrs, cracks on the heels. For their correction, you should contact specialists, for example, doctors, podologam who will perform the necessary manipulations regarding the main diagnosis. The basis for preventing diabetic foot is the treatment of diabetes as the main disease.
People with diabetes often experience many different skin lesions, most of them bacterial and fungal infections. Too much sugar in the blood and sweat creates good conditions for the development of microorganisms, and weakens the defenses of the body. Of great importance are dry skin, circulatory disorders and skin itching. Infection occurs with diabetes without compensation. As a result, wounds, cracks, and non-healing ulcers appear more frequently on the skin. Those who have a diagnosis of "diabetes" require special personal hygiene: regular showers, use of skin protection etc.