Tuesday , August 9 2022

Hurray as Mars InSight The spacecraft lands on the Red Planet



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PASADENA: On Wednesday, November 26, cries of joy and applause broke out as an "unmanned aircraft landing craft" called Insight, which touched on March, covering nearly seven years of planning for a landing operation.

The dramatic arrival of the $ 993 million spacecraft – designed to listen to vibrations and vibrations as a way to uncover the inner mystery of the Red Planet, how it was created billions of years ago and how other rocky planets like Earth were formed – marked the eighth successful landing on Mars in the history of Nas "A.

Mars Insight is preparing for the path

Mars Insight is preparing to land. (AFP / Lawrence Sobado)

"Topdown confirmed," said a mission control operator at NASA, as anxiety and pent-up excitement rose in the room, and dozens of scientists sprang up to embrace each other.

"It was intense and you could feel the emotion," NASA director Jim Breedenstein said in an interview on NASA television afterwards.

Breidenstein also said Vice President Mike Pennes called to congratulate the US space agency for its hard work.

The composition appears to be in good condition, according to the first communication received from Mars surface.

But as expected, the dust kicked through the landing obscured the first picture Insight had returned to her, which was very inflated.

"Here's a quick and dirty attempt to process a distortion in the first picture from Insight," wrote Emily Cadwella, a senior editor at Planetary Society.

"It looks like the lander is a bit tilted, and it's not ideal, but the work environment seems flat like pancakes and almost rock."

The chief investigator on the French seismometer, Philippe Logonon, said he was "very happy and happy" with the result.

"I just got a confirmation that there are no rocks in front of the lander," he told AFP.

Then, InSight must open its solar arrays, as NASA waits until late afternoon to learn whether this final, decisive phase has gone as planned.

The spacecraft should be powered by the sun as soon as it reaches the surface of Mars.

A press conference after the launch is scheduled for 22:00 GMT.

The entrance, the installation, the planting

The spacecraft is the first touch on NASA's neighboring planet since it reached the survey rider in 2012.

More than half of the 43 attempts to reach Mars with Rovers, routes and routes of space agencies from around the world have failed.

Graphical on current active satellites and riders on Mars Earth

Graphical on current active satellites and riders on Mars Earth. (AFP / Gal ROMA)

NASA is the only space agency to do this, and it is invested in these robotic missions as a way to prepare for the first human visitors on Mars in the 1930s.

"We do not take Mars for granted, Mars is difficult," said Thomas Zurbuchen, NASA director and co-chair of the Science Mission Council, on Sunday.

The entry of the nails, the descent and landing phase, began at 11.47 (1940 GMT) at the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., Which came to control the mission of Mars Insight, and ended one second before 1953 GMT.

A well-orchestrated sequence – already pre-planned on board the spacecraft – was spread over the next few minutes, and "six and a half minutes of terror".

Speeding more than a ball at 19,800 km per hour, a shielded spacecraft encounters heat and scorching friction as it enters the Mars atmosphere.

The heat shield leapt to a temperature of about 1,500 degrees Celsius before they were thrown, the three landing legs unfolded and the parachute jumped out, bringing Insight to the surface of Mars.

Objective: 3D map of internal reservoirs

InSight contains key tools which have been contributed by several European space agencies.

France's National Center d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES) did the seismic experiment for a facial structure (SEIS) instrument, a key element in vibration sensing.

The German Nuclear Center (DLR) has provided a self-mole that can dig five meters to the surface – more than any other device – to measure the flow of heat.

Spain's Centro de Astrobiologia made the wind sensors of the spacecraft.

Three of Insight's seismic devices were designed and built in Britain.

Other significant contributions came from the Space Research Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences and Astronomy and the Swiss Institute of Technology.

"This is great news because the InSight spacecraft landed safely on Mars," said Sue Horne, head of space exploration at the British Space Agency.

Together, the devices will learn geological processes, said Bruce Benardt, Principal Investigator of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

By listening to vibrations on Mars, between earthquakes or meteors or even volcanic activity, scientists can learn more about their faces and reveal how the Earth was created.

The goal is to map the inside of Mars in three dimensions, "so we understand the interior of Mars as well as we came to understand the outer of Mars," said Bannardt.

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