Antibiotic resistance is a growing threat to global health. As a result of infection with drug-resistant bacteria about 700 000 people die every year around the world. A total of around 33 000 die annually in the European Union and the European Economic Area, and this number is growing all the time.
Many of these bacteria (eg bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites) affect both animals and humans through their common environment and 60% of all human diseases originate in animals. This means that when bacteria develop drug resistance in animals, they can easily continue to affect humans, making it difficult to treat diseases and infections.
"Human, animal and environmental health are all equally responsible for the proper use of microbial to prevent the threat of antimicrobial resistance," said Dr. Zsuzsanna Jakab, regional director of the organization for Europe. "As we strive to ensure that antibiotics are used rightly in the community and in health settings , Only one sector will not solve the problem. One & # 39; s health approach & # 39; A meeting between human, animal, food and environmental health professionals as one force, and as such is the only way to keep working antibiotics. I call on all European countries to ensure the highest commitment to this approach from society as a whole and from the entire government. "
"With 33 000 deaths every year as a result of infection due to bacteria resistant to antibiotics and $ 1 billion in annual health expenditure, we need to ensure that antibiotics are used prudently and that measures to prevent infection are in place in all settings throughout Europe," said Andrea Amon, Diseases and Control (ECDC). "Because antibiotic resistance rates and antibiotic consumption rates as well as infection prevention methods vary from country to country, it is essential to adapt strategies to address specific needs," she said.
This year, the European Region of the World Health Organization will mark the World Awareness Week on November 12-18, with a commitment to closer collaboration between sectors to protect human health, flora and fauna in the spirit of "one health".
One Voice I One Health
For the World Antibiotics ad 2018, WHO / Europe is joining forces with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) Regional Office for Central Asia and the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) Sub-regional representation for Central Asia to urge governments to adopt or strengthen the Their use of a single health approach.
The situation is urgent for several reasons:
- Antimicrobials are widely used in animal production, sometimes to promote growth and sometimes to prevent infection, instead of caring for animals. This overuse of antimicrobial can lead to more drug resistance between bacteria.
- The same types of microbial are often used both in humans and in the production of animal feed.
- The food chain is an important pathway for disease transmission and requires close monitoring and coordination to prevent its spread.
All this suggests that no single sector can solve the growing problem of microbial resistance alone, but collective action can help the world move forward. Access to one's health means coordination among sectors – such as public health, veterinary health and environmental health – to achieve the best health outcomes for all species. It means recognizing that resistant bacteria do not know boundaries – they can easily move humans to animals and spread from one geographic location to another.
One of the most effective ways to protect human health is to reduce the chances of developing bacteria in animals. Many governments have reduced the use of antibiotics as a growth promoter and preventive measure in animals, and only microbiologists are currently being used in healthy animals in unusual circumstances. States that have not yet done so are taking steps to ensure that the medicines on reserved lists of essential antibiotics, those that are most important to human health and the veterinarian, are used only when necessary. It helps to prevent antimicrobial resistance from creating and keeping antibiotics working, for humans and animals alike.