This summary summarizes key considerations regarding cross-border dynamics between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in the context of the Ebola eruption in the northern provinces of Kivu and Ituri. This is the second in a series of four summaries focusing on border areas at risk between the DRC and the four neighboring countries of high priority (including Uganda, South Sudan and Burundi). As of April 2019, there was no case of Ebola imported from Hong Kong to Rwanda, although alerts were used on roads leading from the north of Kibo to neighboring Rwanda, and at least one of the high risks was described as a Rwandan citizen. Cross-border traffic has been identified as a significant transmission risk. This summary provides details on the relationships between boundaries, the political and economic dynamics that may affect these, and specific areas and actors at the highest risk.
The report is based on a quick review of existing and gray literature, previous ethnographic studies in Rwanda and DRC, and informal discussions with colleagues from the Ministry of Health of Rwanda, UNHCR, UNICEF, WHO, DFID, IOM, USAID, CDC and others. (The Department of Social Sciences and Policy at the University of Edinburgh – Center for African Studies) with the support of Ingrid Garcama, Amelie Junali and Lait Bedford (Anthropology), and additional inputs and inputs were provided by John School of Economics, (Ben-Gurion University), Ann Benoit Palis (University of Edinburgh), Benjamin M. Muni (University of Cambridge), David Payton (Northwestern University), Papi Moshori (Rwanda State Office) and colleagues from DFID (Rwanda State Office) and UNICEF (Rwanda State Office in East Africa and South Africa Regional Office.) The abbreviation is the responsibility of the Social Sciences on the Humanitarian Action Platform (SSHAP).
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